where is the velocity field, is the pressure, is the kinematic viscosity, and is the fixed density of the fluid. The time derivative is a total derivative:
It is common to choose parameters that simplify the equations, but that can obscure the role of the different parameters. In the following, I provide expressions with all relevant parameters included, with their physical dimensions. I later pass to dimensionless, or reduced, units, in terms of the Reynolds and Courant numbers.